It is obvious that if you are using anabolic steroids you are exposing to potential risk. Usually it takes some time to return organism to its natural functions after the withdrawal of anabolic steroids. If you do not belong to fans of “kamikaze style“ then the side of anabolic steroids are not so strong. It is mainly about cosmetic effects (like increased sweating, occurrence of acne, male baldness, etc.). But there exists also that kind of side effects of which duration of side effects lasts long period of time and it requires professional medical care.
The most common effects include:
Effect on gonadal functions
Effect on function on prostate
Occurrence of acne and possible skin disorders
Damage of liver
Gynecomastia (increased level of estrogen causes formation of female breast tissue)
Damaged functions of kidneys and cardiovascular system
Many types of baldness
Development of disorders in terms of hereditary disposition
Negative effect on growth of cartilage tissue and bones
Effect on behaviour (psychological symptoms)
Disorders in terms of fertility
Increased growth of body hair
Hypertrophy of clitoris
Inflammatory acne is more aesthetic problem. Although the individual cannot take off his clothes his heaved muscle musculature under T-shirt will encourage his effort to persist. If we mention acne we should be careful in this case because in some cases the development of the disease can reach stage where is a big risk of sepsis. In the worst cases the hospitalisation is needed and there is already threat to life.
Tests of liver, liver toxicity
Liver is a targeted organ for all androgens (so also for synthetic anabolic steroids) and the main place for their metabolism. The first symptom connected to problems with the liver is increased activity of liver enzymes in serum especially transaminases or aminotransferases ALT and AST. Function of these aminotransferases is the transmission of amino groups from amino acids to keto acids. AST respectively ALT are evaluated on the top of the first curve and also at the end of cycle. They also show the level of adaptation of liver tissue.
Athletes have generally tolerated slightly worse values in comparison with the general population. Bad results measured at the top of the first curve show necessity of reduction of the total amount of dosages in the second half of the cycle (if the same preparation with the same toxicity is used) and also the total amount of dosages in the following cycles.
Bilirubin and alkaline phosphatase
It is evaluated at the end of the cycle and shows total level of damaged tissue. The worse will be test result the longer pause is necessary to include between the cycles. A suitable protection if the liver is lecithin in any form (respectively his active components choline and inositol, including their compounds). Furthermore bioflavonoids (silymarin), an amino acid methionine, herbal preparations for the support of liver (Ungolen, Livertonic) and a variety of special drinks (product of AST Drink has in protection of the liver "a monstrous " effect, several times stronger than other products!).
Hormonal changes, virilisation, deactivation of oestrogens by corticoids
The risk of these changes is the biggest when AS are used. It is possible to control the level of bounded and free testosterone, corticoids and the level of oestrogens in blood by variety of tests. For an objective judgement it is suitable to know default levels before the first cycle. The tendency to Gynecomastia is determined as well as the risk of enlarged prostate.
ABSOLUTELY INNAPROPRIATE preparates are those which contain ginseng, royal jelly and alfalfa, which support the activity of estrogen which can significantly increase the risk of gynane. That is why the occurrence of products containing these substances and their distribution to sportsmen are the symbols of either deep lack of knowledge and ignorance or clear chasing for mammon.
The occurrence of Gynecomastia as the result of consumption is not clearly explained yet. However scientific studies describe this defect generally as: AS block releasing of hormones which stimulate testicles. These become dysfunctional and are getting smaller the production of testosterone and a sperms is not at that kind of level respectively. The level of testosterone will decrease to that kind of level that the naturally occurred female hormones (in the absence of adequate level of testosterone or synthetic steroids) will start dominate. Usage of steroids is most often cycled by deployment and withdrawal of AS. Level of testosterone and anabolic steroids could be extremely low exactly at that point of cycle when the testicles are atrophied and another AS are not used. And at this point the occurrence of Gynecomastia is possible.
But it does not mean that continuous intake of steroids will prevent formation of Gynecomastia because probably the most significant cause of Gynecomastia are effects of marginal conversion of AS on oestrogens or own conversion of mammary gland. Some steroids such as Masterolon, Dihydrotestosterone or Fluoxymesterolon cannot change to estrogens.
The Gynecomastia development can be stopped by withdrawal of AS and later the original state can be achieved. If DHT and substances which block estrogenic receptors (tamoxifen, clomiphene) are deployed in the early stage of the development of Gynecomastia the effective prevention could be achieved.
Cardiovascular system and hypertension, blood clotting and blood count
Regular measurement of blood pressure, haematocrit and sedimentation are recommended. For certain types of AS or its combinations (oxymetholone + GH) could be reduced number of blood cells. Do not use niacin during worse blood clothing. During problems with small bleeding you can use vitamin K (for example Kanavu).
Blood lipids, cholesterol
These parameters can be normally tested. The exclusion of AS is followed by original level.Suitable preventions are doses of lecithin, antioxidants, nicotinic acid (vitamin B3, PP, niacin).
Some steroids are changing glycaemic conditions in organism, temporarily to hypoglycaemia. Therefore it is necessary to supply saccharides temporarily and take this fact generally during the determination of the level of glucose in blood.
Deficiency is possible to determine by normal test. By using of anabolic steroids an increased requirements are put on chemical elements like Ca, Mg, K and P. It is good to supply mainly Mg and not to avoid also milk products. It is usual to avoid intake of Na which can cause swelling. The prevention is an increased liquid intake.
Damage of tendons and joints
Anabolic steroids are changing the structure of tendons and tendon fibres. Therefore organism has overall requirements on the building substances which form tendon. It is suitable to supply body by substances which support formation of tendons for example by the form of special drinks (various geladrinks).
Rage and fury of steroids
It is about mental disorders caused in some individuals by steroids. They occur mainly during the prolonged use of high doses of steroids which have stronger androgenic effect. It seems that problems have rather those individuals that have lower level of their own testosterone. Problems are affected from seizures of anger to clear rage are caused by seemingly trivial reasons (trivial or innocent comment on somebody, waiting for anything or pointless conflicts). This is often reason for divorce (of course together with other reasons) when the anabolic steroids are used.
Negative psychological side effects of high doses of anabolic steroids which are used continuously or intermittently during long time period contain aggressive and violent behaviour and alcoholic or drug addiction. According to results of scientific studies the combination of these drugs can have on development of mental disorders addictive or even synergistic effects. In other words, chemical cocktails can knock out your knees faster than their isolated components. It was proved that anabolic steroids have also significant effects on central nervous system. Recently was published one study which showed for example that the increase of doses of testosterone led to intensification of aggressive reactions.
Recently were obtained evidences which showed that steroids can influence benzodiazepine and other receptors in brain. There also exist certain evidences that testosterone can influence neurotransmitter functions of brain responsible for regulation of depression. Older studies also show that steroids influence receptor complex of central nervous system. From analysis of all these studies is clear that effects of steroids on the behaviour and mental functions are result of their interaction with several regulatory functions of the central nervous system.
According to several studies athletes indicates that by using of anabolic steroids they feel stronger aggression. Athletes also show during period of drug usage the whole variety of symptoms including overexcitement, anxiety, paranoid feelings of unjustified fear and negativity. It was pointed also on their potential addictive character together with narcotic type. This addiction includes inability to stop with using of steroids, compulsive usage and also detox symptoms when they are no more used. This is connected with excessive tiredness, depression, insomnia and changes in sexual instinct.
It is no surprise when some studies showed that steroids can even change personal profile.
Results of one study showed:
Statistically important differences in measured features of the personality between weightlifting athletes when they used and when they stopped with using of anabolic steroids,
Statistically important differences in measured features of the personality between weightlifting athletes which used anabolic steroids and 50 weightlifting athletes who have never used those drugs,
Statistically important differences in measured features of the personality between "anabolic" group in time period when they did not use doping and the group who have never used steroids.